[3] There is a very strong probability that Canadians are, in fact, living with gun control laws which are doing virtually nothing to reduce gun-related crime, suicide, or accidental deaths. The 1993 Auditor General's Report to the House of Commons severely criticised the federal Department of Justice for introducing additional gun controls in 1991, while having no evidence that the original 1977 legislation (the 1991 legislation simply expanded on these previous regulations) provided any benefit at all.

There is a significant amount of scholarly literature to reinforce the conclusion that the federal government's 1977 legislation was of little or no value in reducing violent crime, suicide, or accidents. Suggested readings in this regard are: Gary Mauser and Richard Holmes, "An Evaluation of the 1977 Canadian Firearms Legislation", Evaluation Review, (Vol. 16 No. 6, Dec. 1992), pp. 603-617; R. Mundt, "Gun Control and Rates of Firearms Violence in Canada and the United States", Canadian Journal of Criminology, (Vol. 32 No. 1, Jan. 1990), pp. 137-154; and Paul Blackman, "The Canadian Gun Law, Bill C-51, Its Effectiveness and Lessons for Research on the Gun Control Issue", American Society of Criminiology, (Nov. 1984).

The Justice Department was also criticised by the Auditor General for failing to examine the cross-border trade in illegal armament and its involvement in crime. To date, the federal government has never undertaken any study of how armed criminals in Canada obtain their firearms, the types of guns they prefer, and their attitudes (or lack thereof) towards the firearm control system.