Appendix 3

Principal Firearms Incidents

Mass shootings in New Zealand, 1990- 1997, plus Port Arthur and Dunblane

1. 1990 Aramoana (Gray)

Date 13- 14 November 1990

Number of Victims 14 (including police shooting of Gray)

Firearms Used .223 Norinco semi-automatic AK47 lookalike

.22 Remington S semi-automatic rifle

Licence Status Licensed firearms holder for eight years

Mental History No history of mental illness. The Police were unable to find anyone who thought him capable of violent action. Considered a lonely, reclusive man.

2. 1992 Paerata (Schlaepfer)

Date 20 May 1992

Number of Victims 6 plus suicide of Schlaepfer. 4 victims shot. 2 others died as a result of stab wounds

Firearms Used Double-barrelled 12-gauge shotgun

Licence Status Held a class A licence issued in 1984

Mental History No previous history of mental illness nor of domestic violence.

3. 1994 Dunedin (Bain)

Date 20 June 1994

Number of Victims 5

Firearms Used .22 semi-automatic rifle

Licence Status David Bain was a class A licensee and the owner of the firearm used in the homicide

Mental History David Bain had no history of mental illness nor any previous convictions.

4. 1996 Dunblane (Hamilton)

Date 13 March 1996

Number of Victims 18 (including suicide of Hamilton)

Firearms Used 2 semi-automatic pistols. Used one to shoot victims and the other to shoot himself

Licence Status Licensed firearm holder

Mental History Did not have a mental illness. Two psychiatrists at the Inquiry expressed the view that it was unlikely that any psychological or psychiatric

examination of Hamilton would have alerted the examiner to his dangerousness. All the experts agreed that, though he did not have a mental illness, he suffered from a personality disorder which manifested itself in lack of empathy, fascination with weapons and habitual suspiciousness.

5. 1996 Port Arthur (Bryant)

Date 28 April 1996

Number of Victims 35 killed. 21 injured

Firearms Used 2 military style semi-automatic rifles

Licence Status Never held a firearms licence

Mental History At trial both psychiatrists considered that Bryant did not suffer from a mental illness, but that he did have a significant personality disorder which left him with limited capacity for empathy which enabled him not only to contemplate mass destruction, but to carry it through.

6. 1997 Raurimu

Date 8 February 1997

Number of Victims 6

Firearms Used 1 single-shot shotgun

Licence Status Had held a licence which had been revoked the previous year

Comments In this instance a young man with a psychiatric history which had earlier resulted in the revocation of his firearms licence has been charged with killing his father and four guests at the family lodge, and a neighbour, using a single-shot shotgun. As he still awaits trial on those charges it would be improper to attempt any further analysis of the incident at this time.

Incidents Leading to Call for Review

7. 1995 Invercargill (Gellatly)

Date 26/27 September 1995

Number of Victims 1 (Gellatly) shot by police

Firearms Used Numerous shotguns and rifles removed from dealer’s premises

Licence Status Unlicensed

Mental History A long-standing chronic mental illness diagnosed in 1984 as paranoid schizophrenia. It was accepted in the PCA report and in the Coroner’s findings that the behaviour of the deceased was greatly influenced by his mental instability.

8. 1995 Whangarei (Radcliffe)

Date 20 November 1995

Number of Victims 1 (Radcliffe) shot by police

Firearms Used 30-30 rifle removed from dealer’s premises

Licence Status Licence and firearms had been removed in June 1994 as a police officer believed Radcliffe not a fit and proper person by reason of his mental illness, but his licence had not been revoked at time of fatality

Mental History Radcliffe had a previous mental history though diagnoses of his condition were not clear or uniform. One psychiatrist who saw him 11 days before his death said that he could not reach any firm diagnosis and that when he saw Radcliffe there was nothing to suggest he was a danger to himself or anyone else.